There are many approaches and strategies on teaching word attack skills, one of the strategies for word recognition in English is the use of the Fuller Technique. The Fuller techinique is one of the components of the Four-Pronged Approach to teaching beginning reading. This technique is a fusion of the alphabet, phonics and whole word methods of word recognition.
Pre-requisites Before Teaching The Fuller Technique
Before using the Fuller Technique, the child must show the following skills:
1) The child has mastery of the name and form of each alphabet. The child can identify which letters are vowels and which letters are consonants.
2) The child has mastery of the regular sounds of the consonants.
The following sequence is recommended in teaching the consonant sounds.
The sequence is based on the frequency of the use of consonants in the English language.
Sequence of Teaching the Letters in the Fuller Approach
The first letter that we teach is letter Mm
followed by Ss, Ll, Ff, Tt and so on. When introduce a letter, we show first words that begin with the target letter. And then, we sound out the target letter. Next is that we show how the target letter is formed. We demonstrate how to write the target letter in different multi-sensory ways. Last is we give exercises to reinforce the target letter.
7. Cc (k)
11. Gg (go)
Here are some things we need to remember:
Consonants C and G have two sounds, only the hard sound of these consonants are introduced to the beginning reader (e.g c as in cat, g as in gate).
Consonants X, K, Q are not in the above list. X is a final sound in all beginning reading words (e.g mix, fix, six, ax); the sound of x is taught when these words are introduced.
K has the same sound as the regular sound of C. The beginning readers are almost often confused when the sound of K is introduced. There are few beginning words that start in k (e.g kit, kitten, king). The sound of Q is not introduced this early because again this confuses the child with the c sound. There are no beginning reading words that start with Q and it is always followed by U (e.g queen, quilt, quiz).
A Sample Target Lesson, Letter Mm.
Step 1: Vocabulary Development- show names that start with the letter Mm e.g man, mug, mat, mom, etc.
Step 2: Introduce the letter sound- Sound it out! The sound of letter Mm is “mmm”. Let’s name the pictures again.
Step 3: Introduce/ review the letter form- Demonstrate how to write the Big M and the small m. Start by imaginarily writing on air, on the floor, on his palm. Then write on the board, next on paper.
Step 4: Exercises/ games/ contests- Pick out the picture that starts with the letter Mm! Make sure the games are exciting since a child learns best through play.